Ramadan Reflections- Summary Juzz 11




This summary of the eleventh juzz covers Surah At Tauba ayah 94 to Surah Hud ayah 5.

Beginning of the Eleventh Juz.

The ending of the tenth Juz dealt with those Munâfiqîn who concocted excuses to evade conscription into the Muslim army. There were also many proud Munâfiqîn who saw no need to excuse themselves.

The opening verse of the Juz (verse 94 of Sûrah Taubah) refers to those Munâfiqîn who came to Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam after the Battle of Tabûk.

Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam Allâh says, “They will make excuses to you when you return to them. Tell them, ‘Do not make excuses, we shall never believe you. Allâh has already informed us about your condition…'” (verse 94)

Allâh speaks about people who regard zakâh as a burden on their shoulders. Allâh says, “Of the villagers are those who consider what they spend as a tax and they await the ill‑fortunes of fate to befall you. May the ill fortunes befall them! Allâh is All Hearing, All Knowing. (verse 98)

After discussing the Munâfiqîn, Allâh speaks about the Mu’minîn in verse 100 when He says, “The first to lead the way, from the Muhajirîn, the Ansâr, and those who followed them with sincerity; Allâh is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. He has prepared for them such gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they shall abide forever. This is the ultimate success.”

Thereafter, Allâh speaks about the Masjid of harm (Masjid Dirâr), the underlying purpose of which the Munâfiqîn built to promote hypocrisy among the Muslims. Allâh condemned its construction and the Muslims destroyed it.

The subsequent verses make reference to the three Sahabah & who failed to participate in the expedition to Tabûk. They were boycotted for fifty days before Allâh announced the acceptance of their Taubah in this Sûrah.

Sûrah Yunus follows Sûrah Taubah.

Sûrah Yunus also discusses the three fundamental issues of:

🔸 Tauhîd [Oneness of Allâh],

🔸Risâlah [the Prophethood of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam]

🔸Âkhirâh [the Hereafter].

Attention is drawn to these beliefs by using occurrences and quoting momentous historical reports which serve to entrench these beliefs into the mind.

Therefore, Allâh commences the Sûrah by stating, “These are the verses of the wise Book. Are people surprised that We sent revelation to a man from among them?” Those who respond to the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam will be guided to salvation, whereas those who reject will be doomed to destruction and will not be saved by anyone’s intercession.

Allâh then proceeds to warn people of Jahannam and convey the glad tidings of Jannah to the Mu’minîn.

In verse 12 Allâh speaks about ungrateful people when He says, “When any adversity afflicts man, he supplicates to Us lying down, sitting or standing. When We avert the adversity from him, he continues as if he has never supplicated to Us for the adversity that afflicted him.”

Allâh then relates the incidents of various Ambiyâ like Hadhrat Nûh, Hadhrat Mûsa and Hadhrat Yunus Alayhimus Salâm. In narrating these, Allâh impresses on man not to make the same mistakes that the people of these Ambiyâ made.

At the end of the Sûrah Allâh declares, “Say, O people! Certainly the truth has come to you from your Rabb. So whoever will be guided shall only receive guidance for himself (for his own benefit). Whoever will go astray shall only go astray to own detriment. I have not been commissioned over you. Follow what has been revealed to you and persevere until Allâh passes decision. He is the Best of the deciders.” (verses 108-9)

End of the Eleventh Juz

Ramadan Reflections- Summary Juzz 10




This summary of the tenth juzz covers Surah Al Anfal ayah 41 to Surah At Tauba ayah 93.

Beginning of tenth Juz

The tenth Juz commences with mention of booty. Allâh declares, “Know that from whatever spoils of war that you acquire, a fifth of it shall be for Allâh, His messenger, the relatives, the poor, the orphans and the travellers” (verse 41).

The remaining four­-fifths will be distributed among the Mujâhidîn [the Muslim soldiers who fought in the battle].

Allâh then discusses certain details about the Battle of Badr. Allâh addresses the Mu’minîn saying, “Obey Allâh and His Nabî and do not fall into dispute with each other, for then you will become cowardly and your strength will be lost. Be patient, for verily Allâh is with the patient ones.” (verse 46)

Allâh commands the Muslims further: “Prepare against them (your enemies) whatever forces of strength you can muster…” (verse 60).

In addition to amassing weapons and battle provisions, Muslims must always have conviction in Allâh’s assistance. Allâh then assures the Muslims: “Whatever you may spend in Allâh’s way will be given to you in full and you will not be oppressed.” (verse 60)

Addressing Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam it, Allâh says, “Oh Nabî Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam, exhort the Mu’minîn to fight.” (verse 65).

Allâh informs the Muslims that if they are righteous, resolute and trust firmly in Allâh, they will be able to vanquish an army larger than themselves.

Prisoners of war should not be captured merely with the intention of earning ransom money.

Towards the end of the Sûrah, Muslims are urged to keep religious objectives in mind when migrating or when waging Jihâd.

Earning the booty must never be the objective.

Allâh outlines a principle of inheritance at the end of Sûrah Anfâl when He says, ‑Those who are relatives are closer to each other in Allâh’s Book. (verse 75)

The next Sûrah is called Sûrah Taubah because it contains mention of the Taubah that Allâh accepted from those who failed to participate in the Battle of Tabûk.

It is also called Sûrah Barâ’ah because Allâh absolves Himself and Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam from what the Kuffâr do (the Arabic word “Barâ’ah” means “to absolve of blame”).

This Sûrah mentions the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah which the Mushrikîn of Makkah eventually broke. Allâh declares, “Allâh and His Nabî have absolved themselves of those Mushrikîn with whom you have made a treaty.”

Consequently, “The proclamation from Allâh and His Nabî (was made) on the day of the greater Hajj that verily Allâh and His Nabî are absolved of the Mushrikîn.” (verses 1 and 3)

After this declaration, all Mushrikîn were banned from entering the Harâm and from performing Tawâf naked.

The Muslims are urged not to take even their closest relatives as friends if they are Kuffâr. Allâh also advises Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam not to accept the lame excuses of the Munâfiqîn (hypocrites) when they are reluctant to fight in Jihâd. Their excuses are all false and the oaths that they take along with the excuses are all false.

Allâh assures Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that the oaths of the sinners and Munâfiqîn are hollow and should be ignored because these people were never Muslims. Allâh warns Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam that the Munâfiqîn will desert him as soon as they get the opportunity.

Allâh’s curse is on the Munâfiqîn men and women because they are alike.

Allâh also forbade Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam from performing the janâzah [funeral] Salâh for the Munâfiqîn.

This Sûrah also details the recipients of zakâh as:

🔹1. The poor

🔹2. Slaves who are buying their freedom

🔹3. The destitute

🔹4. Those in debt

🔹5. The collectors of zakâh

🔹6. Those in “Allâh’s path”

🔹7. Those who need to be inclined to Islâm and

🔹8. Travellers.

In brief, Sûrah Taubah contains the following subject matter:

🔸1. Certain battles and related incidents.

🔸2. The treaties with the Mushrikîn and the declaration of exoneration from all Kuffâr and Mushrikîn.

🔸3. Prohibition of fighting during the days of Hajj.

🔸4. Restriction of entry into the Haram for non‑Muslims.

🔸5. The command for the Ahlul Kitâb to either accept Islâm or pay the jizya.

🔸6. Reproaching those who were negligent in participating in Jihâd.

🔸7. Specifying the recipients of zakâh.

🔸8. Identifying the Munâfiqîn and the Mu’minîn.

May Allâh grant us all the Taufîq to practise on the injunctions detailed in this Sûrah.


End of the Tenth Juz

Ramadan Reflections- Summary juzz 9


In the remaining verses of al-’Araf, Allah tells us, in considerable depth, the story of Musa (Moses) and his struggle with the great enemy of Allah, the Pharaoh. Furthermore, we are told of Musa’s experiences with the Children of Israel with many important lessons for the Muslim nation and our own submission to the Prophet Muhammad’s message. Aptly, the chapter concludes by discussing the Qur’an and the role of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) – a man, having Taqwa (God consciousness) and never too proud to worship Allah, in complete opposite to the enemies discussed throughout. The Juz continues with the chapter of al-Anfal (the Spoils of War) revealed shortly after the Battle of Badr. The lessons learned from the battle reinforce: the virtues necessary for fighting in the Path of Allah, victory against the odds, clemency and consideration of others.

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7. Al-’Araf (88-end)

8. Al-Anfal (1-40)

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• Whilst the conflict between Musa and Pharaoh was intense, it only led Musa to place further his dependence upon Allah;

• When times got hard, Musa directed his people to turn to Allah for help, to be patient, and reminded them that the whole Earth belongs to Allah and that the final end is for the pious;

• The mention of the inhabitants of the town by the sea that transgressed as regards the Sabbath and the end result of those who tried to evade the laws of Allah through trickery;

Allah’s Mercy encompasses everything and He mentions that He will decree His Mercy especially for a group of His servants. Ponder their qualities well so that you might be one of them

• About the beginning of creation and a refutation of the belief that anything worshipped besides Allah can bring any benefit;

About the Battle of Badr and the ruling of the spoils of war, which importantly is framed by a reminder of the greater importance of Taqwa and keeping ties of kinship.

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Ramadan Reflections- Summary Juzz 8

 JUZZ -8

This summary of the eighth juzz covers the portion frm Surah Al Anaam ayahs 111 to ayahs 87 of Surah Al Araaf.

Beginning of Eighth Juz

Allâh commands Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam to announce to the people, “Certainly my Rabb has guided me to the straight path … Surely my Salâh, all my acts of worship, my life and my death are for Allâh, the Rabb of the universe.

He has no partner. With this have I been commanded and I am the first of those who surrender.” (Sûrah An’âm, verses 161-163)

The following aspects have been emphasised in this Sûrah:

🔺1. Never ascribe any partner to Allâh.

🔺2. Treat parents kindly.

🔺3. Never slay your children for fear of poverty because Allâh sustains everyone.

🔺4. Never even come close to acts of promiscuity and immodesty.

🔺5. Never take the life of any person without a legal right to do so.

🔺6. Be just when weighing and measuring.

🔺7. Always speak the truth and implement justice even though it may impact negatively on one’s relatives.

🔺8. Keep your word to Allâh and to fellow man.

Much of Sûrah A’râf concerns about the Âkhirah.

In this regard Allâh instructs man to

“Follow what has been revealed to you from your Rabb and, leaving Him aside, do not follow other companions” (verse 3).

Allâh also says, “We shall definitely question those to whom Ambiyâ were sent and We will surely question the Ambiyâ.” (verse 6)

People will be questioned about whether they followed the teachings of the Ambiyâ and the Ambiyâ will also be asked whether they fulfilled the task of propagation and about the attitude of their people.

Every person will definitely have to pass the scales to have his/her acts weighed.

Allâh draws man’s attention to the fact that rejecting the truth like Qiyâmah and Risâlah [prophethood] is an act of Shaytân.

To illustrate this point, Allâh mentions the disobedience of Shaytân when he refused to prostrate to Hadhrat Âdam when Allâh commanded him to do so.

Allâh warns man not to act in a similar manner. Allâh also mentions that He granted man many favours when He settled him on earth and also granted him honour by commanding the angels to prostrate before his father Hadhrat Âdam Alayhis Salâm.

However, despite all these boons, man is still ungrateful.

Later in the Sûrah, Allâh cautions man not to transgress the limits that Allâh has set because “Allâh does not like those who transgress.”

Allâh declares that He has forbidden all acts of immodesty, be they secret or public.

He has also forbidden people from ascribing partners to Him and from ascribing false statements to Him. This is referred to in verse 33 where Allâh says, “And that you say against Allâh what you do not know.”

In verse 40 Allâh says, “Indeed those who deny our verses and are arrogant towards them, the doors of the heavens will not be opened to them and they will not enter jannah until a camel enters through the eye of a needle.” It will therefore be impossible for them to enter Jannah.

On the other hand, the righteous ones have been promised entry into Jannah. Therefore, the Mu’minîn should respond to Allâh’s call with hope in His mercy and fear for His punishment because Allâh’s mercy is definitely close to the righteous ones.

Thereafter Allâh relates the incidents of several Ambiyâ and states how the nations of these Ambiyâ refused to accept the truth, thereby inviting Allâh’s punishment to annihilate them.

These incidents are intended to be lessons for people so that they accept the message of Rasulullâh Sallallâhu ‘alayhi wasallam.

End of the eighth Juz 😇

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Ramadan Reflections – Summary juzz 7


In this Juz, Allah concludes the chapter of al-Ma’idah (Table Spread) with a number of rulings on oath-taking, game and hunting and the prohibition of alcohol. In a continuing theme running through this chapter, the final verses of the chapter are concerning Christianity, the miracles of Esa ( Jesus) and the story from which the chapter takes it name. The chapter ends by confirming that Esa never claimed divinity for himself. The Juz also contains the first part of the 6th chapter of the Qur’an, al-An’am (the Cattle). This chapter is named after the superstitious practices of the pre-Islamic Arabs but is, in essence, a many sided argument against mankind’s tendency to associate partners with Allah, be it directly or indirectly.

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5. Al-Ma’idah (82-end)

6. Al-An’am (1-110)

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• Those People of the Book who are closest to us and those who are furthest from us;

• Rules and regulations on oath-taking, alcohol and gambling, hunting whilst in ihram (a sacred state which Muslims enter upon travelling for Umrah (lesser pilgrimage), wills, bearing testimony and witnessing;

• The discussion between Allah and Esa clearing him of any claims to divinity;

• Tawhid (Divine Unity), Resurrection and Prophethood in al-An’am;

• The story of Ibrahim (Abraham) and his father, his debate with his nation and details of his descendants;

• Eman (Faith) is strengthened by contemplating upon the creation because this leads to greater veneration of Allah, it’s Creator.

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